Chicken Biryani

Chicken Biryani Recipe

A rice and chicken dish called chicken biryani is made by steaming layers of chicken, rice, and aromatics. As the rice cooks, the bottom layer soaks up all the chicken juices, giving it a soft texture and flavorful flavor, while the top layer of rice becomes white and fluffy. Whole slices of juicy chicken, marinated in a flavorful mixture of herbs, spices, and aromatics, are hidden within the Biryani.

Chicken and rice is a traditional combination that has influenced culinary culture all across the world, whether you’re talking about Arroz de Pollo, Hainanese Chicken Rice, or Oyako Donburi. It makes reasonable that this staple grain would have been paired with a cultivated source of protein earlier in human history. The fact that this combo is still a fan favorite today, however, attests to its undeniable taste. Even this dish for Chicken Coconut Rice was influenced by it.

I’ve streamlined the cooking process for my Chicken Biryani dish by marinating the chicken in a hot concoction of garam masala, garlic, ginger, chili peppers, coriander leaves, and garlic. The seasonings and aromatics on the chicken’s outside caramelize while frying to create an extremely tasty crust. To properly caramelize the fried onions into a sweet, umami-rich layer that contrasts with the spicily delicious chicken, I like to prepare them separately. A fast par-boil of the rice with whole spices like cardamom, bay leaves, and cumin adds flavor and guarantees that the rice will be soft enough to steam when the Biryani is put together.


  • 4 tablespoons vegetable oil, divided
  • 4 small potatoes, peeled and halved
  • 2 large onions, finely chopped
  • 2 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 tablespoon minced fresh ginger root
  • 2 medium tomatoes, peeled and chopped
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon ground cumin
  • ½ teaspoon chili powder
  • ½ teaspoon ground black pepper
  • ½ teaspoon ground turmeric
  • 2 tablespoons plain yogurt
  • 2 tablespoons chopped fresh mint leaves
  • ½ teaspoon ground cardamom
  • 1 (2 inch) piece cinnamon stick
  • 3 pounds boneless, skinless chicken pieces cut into chunks


  • 1 pound basmati rice
  • 2 ½ tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 1 large onion, diced
  • 5 pods cardamom
  • 3 whole cloves
  • 1 (1 inch) piece cinnamon stick
  • ½ teaspoon ground ginger
  • 1 pinch powdered saffron
  • 4 cups chicken stock
  • 1 ½ teaspoons salt

**Step-by-step brief overview below. Full recipe with ingredient amounts is at the end of post.

  1. Fried onions: Very thinly slice the onions and fried them till crisp and light golden brown.
  2. To prepare the chicken marinade: combine it with all of the marinade ingredients, 1/3 of the fried onions, and the ground biryani spice mix.
  3. Rinse the basmati rice: until it is completely clear. In a cup of water, soak the rice. Rice cooker: Prepare the leftover rice. Look at our recipe for lamb biryani for an alternate traditional cooking method.
  4. Assemble the layers of chicken and rice: Transfer the marinated chicken to a heating pot. Add the majority of the leftover fried onions, some chopped mint, cilantro, and half of the lemon juice on top.
  5. Spread the drained, sopped rice over the meat.
  6. Add the last layer of cooked rice: Over the rice, add the leftover sautéed onions, lemon juice, saffron water, and ghee.
  7. When steaming: cover with aluminum foil and parchment paper before tightly fitting the lid on top. Bake for one hour, or until there is adequate steam buildup.
  8. If cooking on a stovetop, you can also heat the biryani for 10 to 15 minutes on medium-high before simmering it for an hour on low, or until there is adequate steam buildup.
  9. Give the biryani five minutes to cool. Serve after gently combining rice and chicken.


Biryani masala is a special spice blend used to flavor biryani, a popular and aromatic rice dish in Indian cuisine. Biryani masala adds depth and complexity to the dish, and its composition can vary based on regional preferences and personal recipes. Here’s a basic recipe for making biryani masala at home:


  • 2 tablespoons coriander seeds
  • 1 tablespoon cumin seeds
  • 1 tablespoon fennel seeds
  • 1 tablespoon whole black peppercorns
  • 1 tablespoon green cardamom pods
  • 1 teaspoon cloves
  • 1 teaspoon cinnamon sticks or cassia bark
  • 1 teaspoon black cardamom pods (optional)
  • 1-2 dried bay leaves
  • 1 small piece of nutmeg (about 1/4 teaspoon grated)
  • 1-2 dried red chili peppers (adjust to taste)


  1. Heat a dry skillet or pan over medium heat.
  2. Add all the whole spices (coriander seeds, cumin seeds, fennel seeds, black peppercorns, green cardamom pods, cloves, cinnamon sticks, black cardamom pods if using, bay leaves, and dried red chili peppers) to the skillet.
  3. Toast the spices for about 1-2 minutes, stirring frequently. The spices will become fragrant and lightly browned. Be careful not to burn them.
  4. Remove the spices from the heat and let them cool down completely.
  5. Once the spices are cool, transfer them to a spice grinder or mortar and pestle.
  6. Grind the spices until you achieve a fine powder. You may need to do this in batches if using a small grinder.
  7. Transfer the ground biryani masala to an airtight container and store it in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight.


  • Biryani masala can be customized based on your preferences. You can adjust the quantities of spices or add other spices like mace, star anise, or dried rose petals for added complexity.
  • Using fresh, whole spices and grinding them at home will yield the best flavor. However, you can also use pre-ground spices if needed.
  • To enhance the aroma and flavor of your biryani, you can add a pinch of saffron strands to the biryani masala.

When making biryani, you can use this masala as a seasoning for the rice, vegetables, and meat layers. It’s recommended to use a few teaspoons of biryani masala to season the dish, but the quantity can be adjusted to suit your taste preferences. Biryani masala contributes significantly to the rich and aromatic profile of the dish, making it an essential component of a delicious biryani.

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